Different Types of Web Hosting
A number of different types of web hosting plans exist for today's business and individual needs. For the best web hosting experience, it's important to understand different types of hosting, and how each might suit a particular company. Individuals and companies who want to build a website accessible through the internet need to use a web host if they aren't otherwise able to run their own server.
Hosting a server on-site costs a lot of money, and often it's easier to allow a third party to host a website and let that company handle all of the technology required of website hosting. Although some internet service providers (ISP) offer web hosting services in addition to internet access, most companies choose to work with a dedicated web hosting company.
Depending on the needs of the customer, a web hosting service offers a tremendous level of variety between the different sizes and scope of services. Different types of web hosting services to consider include:
1. Shared hosting
Often used by very small companies and individuals, shared hosting allows many clients to share the space on a single machine or server. This option tends to be attractive to small companies because it is far less expensive than moving up to a dedicated server. With many accounts on the same server, costs of maintenance, upgrades, and technology are shared between many clients. Shared hosting doesn't require that a user deals with any sort of maintenance.
2. Dedicated hosting
Dedicated hosting is often considered one of the best options for companies that are not yet large enough to house their own server, and which must make heavy demands upon the web host. A dedicated server is leased by a single company which doesn't share the access with any other clients. Because a single company controls all the data on the server, much of the web hosting experience may be changed at the client's discretion. For example, a company leasing a server may request a specific operating system or hardware be used.
3. Virtual Private Server (VPS)
Also known as a "Virtual Dedicated Server," this type of web hosting software is installed on a computer to provide better speed and responsiveness for data-heavy websites. A VPS from a web host can be designed to meet a specific customer's needs as far as speed and technology are concerned. The design of a virtual private server allows several clients to take advantage of the power within a single machine while sharing some resources of the device. This allows for short bursts of very demanding data requests from each user that won't bog down the overall machine.
4. Cloud hosting
A popular term today that is used in many different circumstances the idea of computing via the "cloud," which means that access to a server is provided over the internet for reasons of web hosting, storage, and other basic needs. Sometimes cloud computing may exist as an internal method of server access within a company, but regarding web hosting, this service is always located somewhere else.
One of the reasons why some web hosts offer cloud technology is because of the increased efficiency. Most of the time access to cloud servers for updating and maintaining a website occurs through software on a computer or through the internet and a web browser.
5. Reseller hosting
This type of hosting requires that the reseller lease space upon a host's hard drive after which he or she will allocate a certain percentage of that space and access to a client. A reseller is essentially a "middle-man" between a web host and the client. The space traditionally rented by a reseller will either be a dedicated server or a shared server, and the type depends upon a reseller's volume of clients. With dedicated servers, a reseller may rent out space without gaining permission from the web host. Most shared servers, however, do require that a reseller obtains permission to provide reseller hosting.
Understanding the best web hosting option usually depends on the amount of a company's website traffic and the amount of control required by the company. Simple websites require nothing more than a shared server while big companies should consider a dedicated server.